Customs and manners in Japan
Language and religious features
The official language of Japan is Japanese. The majority of citizens more or less speak English, but the accent and mix English and Japanese words in their English very difficult to understand. All signs are duplicated in English.
In Japan, two state religions are Shintoism (the original religion of Japan ), and Buddhism came later from China. Somehow they managed to merge into one and become almost inseparable. Only the temples of the two religions are different.
Temples are a sacred place for the Japanese. You can visit them freely. It is necessary to behave quietly not only in the temple itself, but also on the territory adjacent to it. When entering any room you must remove your shoes and dress, if you have special Slippers.
Photography in churches is usually possible, however it is better to look at the signs and still ask permission from Ministers, because some monks may not allow themselves to be photographed.
At the entrance to the temple usually for a small fee to buy a souvenir or to pull yourself prediction. With a little luck it should be strapped to a special tree, and in case you fail to keep the figures of the guardians.
The population of Japan stands at the tenth place in the world — in its territory is home to about 127, 5 million people.
99.9% of the population are Japanese, and almost all the polls are of the Shinto religion and any other religion together.
To foreigners, the attitude is cautious. Nevertheless, the Japanese, and mostly young people, show great curiosity — a person with blond hair may even ask .
The Japanese are not aliens require strong adherence to traditions. They are convinced that only the Japanese are able to observe all the traditions of his country, so a foreigner versed in the culture of their state, causes them genuine interest and surprise.
Rules of conduct for tourists
Before entering the room must remove their shoes and put it on a special shelf. Sometimes at the entrance there are Slippers for guests who need certainly to wear. Stepping on the Mat, you must remove any footwear, including Slippers — indulgence on the part of Japanese in this matter should not wait.
If you are invited, it is customary to capture some souvenir — this can be candy or some nice detail.
Japanese greeting with a little bow, not to submit a hand. If you greet your friend — can be limited to a slight nod of the head, the stranger with the bow should be lower.
In trains and metro is forbidden to smoke, drink alcohol, listen to loud music and talk on the phone. General rules of conduct almost everywhere depicted in the form of drawings, which, as a rule, easy to understand.
Trains are not made to give place, however, special seats for elderly and disabled people, indeed, can only take the disabled and the elderly.
Taking food, it is permitted to slurp — this is considered a sign of respect to the chef. Before eating you must say “itadakimas” that means “start eating”.
The chopsticks should be treated — they can’t to swing and chop them on pieces of food. Also it is highly recommended not to stick chopsticks in a bowl of rice — a sure sign that someone will die, the Japanese can what worried. Also if you have already picked up a piece of food — you should not return it back and take another. Men, by the way, sushi can eat with your hands.
Drinking with the company, you need to pour from his bottle of sake into the Cup of a neighbor — he in turn will fill yours. Before standard drinking toast is pronounced “Kampai!”, that means “bottoms up!”.
In larger restaurants, you can ask for a fork, but they are far not in all places. Tipping is not customary to give any waiters or taxi drivers — they might be offended.
If you do not know how to get somewhere, or do have any problems you can always turn to the police, they all speak English.
In public baths and hot springs before entering the water taken to thoroughly wash off under the shower. Also after taking a bath should not wategate the plug on the tub fill up all evening for all guests.
Public holidays in Japan :
1 January — New year
January 15 — Day of age
February 11 — national Foundation Day
March 21 (22 in leap years) Day of the vernal equinox
April 29 — greenery Day