Exhibition in Ufa 2013
Continuing the theme about Japanese culture and about what to see in Ufa. another part of the traveling exhibition of traditional Japanese dolls that is held in the National Museum RB .
The first part of the exhibition was dedicated to the traditional dolls of Japan, in the second part I talked about a few holidays, mandatory traditional accessories and traditional Japanese toys.
Today’s part of posterial about the holidays boys and girls.
Dolls for girls holiday (Emperor and Empress)
Every year on 3 March, the Japanese celebrate the girls called Hina Matsuri .
Parents of girls, their relatives and acquaintances resort to a number of ceremonies to add happiness and health in the lives of girls. In those houses where live girls are tied a red cloth shelves in several tiers, and on them are placed brightly dressed dolls, they symbolize the family of the Emperor and their servants.
Girls on this day, wearing elegant kimonos, and, as adults, ladies, go to visit, admire the dolls, give gifts and receive special treats. Thus, the format of the game, Japanese girls are taught good manners, which must have a Japanese woman: the ability careful with values, restraining their impulses, desires and whims. So in the tradition of Hina Matsuri perfectly combines the customs,values and child’s play, the perception of the world and training in Japanese traditions.
The ceremony to demonstrate in the third month of the third day dolls in front of the house appeared in the Edo period, and was a way to ward off evil spirits, but even in our day the belief in the miraculous power of Hina dolls in Japan has not died down: as in ancient times, the Japanese at the end of the holiday for throwing paper dolls into the river, so the river carried everything bad.
Variety of women’s shoes, a mandatory attribute of Japanese national costume. Zori are fixed on the legs remeshochki between the second and big toes. Under Zori necessarily wear white socks with separated first finger.
Festive kimono for girls:
Doll boy-soldier for the traditional boys ‘ festival, which is celebrated on 5 may. These dolls are called gogatsu-skins, which translates as the may doll.
The festival boys also put on public display in families where there are boys. Most dolls-soldiers realistic, though mythological, characters: Empress Jingu in men’s clothes, sensational trip to Korea, her first Minister Takenouchi Sukune, though he lived to be 300 years old, the character of fairy tales — Momotaro, born from a peach, and the Emperor Jimmu.
Quite often you can see the figures of the horse and tiger, their courage and strength are an example to the young samurai.
Traditional decoration for boys ‘ festival.
May 5 everywhere in Japan You can see the flags (koi nobori), which portrayed the carp, and the number of carp will tell You about how many boys in this home, and the length of the flag is the age of boys.
This Japanese custom, about three hundred years, and bighead carp on the roof, bouquets of irises at the door, dolls, soldiers, toy guns are mandatory at the Feast of boys (Kodomo no hi).
The fifth day of the fifth moon, this festival is celebrated in Japan as early as the time of the Taika reforms. The horse, on its day, this holiday is symbolized bravery and courage. One of the rituals on this day is the race of horsemen-archers. The Emperor in this festival, accompanied by courtiers gathered medicinal herbs. The peasants were placed in fields of colorful scarecrows to protect their crops. During the era Heian holiday tango-but sekku received the status of military-sports holiday, so there was a toy samurai banners, helmets, halberds and banners.
In the Edo period, this day was celebrated not exclusively samurai and the aristocracy, but most citizens, as the dominant element of the scenery became dolls gogatsu the skins. These dolls are placed on two or three shelves, enclosed by a cloth of green. Top shelf — toy helmet, armor and flags. Middle shelf is given to the drums, swords, fans and bottles of sake. With two sides of shelves is placed a vase with a traditional holiday toffee.
On the bottom shelf of the stand features doll, and in the center of them — the doll-the warrior.