Taekwondo – this is a martial art that came to us from Korea. There are several kinds of Taekwondo. The most common in the world of sports Taekwondo WTF, slightly less well known is its military direction.
The sports center Taekwondo Kukkiwon is the WTF, the only educational center, which is located in Korea. In the program of the Summer Olympic games Taekwondo WTF – a traditional sport.
The history of Taekwondo dates back several millennia. Usually, there are four stages of development of this sport: ancient times, middle ages, new time and modernity.
In the first phase of development of the people did not have any means to protect themselves except their hands and body. So people have developed methods of dealing with opponents with bare hands. Taekwondo in ancient times was the basis of martial art, which allowed to apply its own force, using hands and feet, without weapons in any critical situation.
Taekwondo is the oldest Korean martial art, it was based on combining the fighting styles of wrestling without arms, and soon began to develop as an independent martial art.
From the 4th century Taekwondo was a compulsory element in the training of young warriors. This sport is fast gaining popularity among the people, as developed warriors strength, speed and survival skills in battle.
During the reign of the Joseon Dynasty the story of traditional Korean martial arts, almost disappeared under the influence of Confucianism, which is perceived negatively combat sports. But, it is worth noting that Taekwondo was saved, though, and for special military use.
At a time when Korea was occupied by Japan (1910-1945.) Korean martial arts had to go underground, the colonial regime deliberately suppressed the Korean national elements in all spheres of culture. After the Japanese surrender in 1945, Korea began to gradually revive its own national peculiarities, opened a lot of Taekwondo schools.
«Cold war” between the USSR and the USA divided Korea into North and South. The authorities of both republics were United in their desire to stop the tradition of martial arts, partly to turn Taekwondo into a sporty look, which will be used only for the purpose of mass physical education.
Officially Taekwondo as a martial art was registered for the first time in the 50-ies of the last century. Led the work on the codification of this style of wrestling Lieutenant-General Choi Hong-Hee, and he is considered the “father” of Taekwondo.
Today sports WTF Taekwondo has branches in over a hundred countries around the world, including in the CIS countries and Eastern Europe. Doing this sport a huge amount of athletes.
Taekwondo teaches the conduct of the fight in any environment, with any number of opponents. A significant part of the Taekwondo techniques cannot be applied in competitions, they are trained only with the use of special techniques, not to hurt the partner.
In Taekwondo developed many powerful techniques legs, and in one jump from a professional you can see some of the strikes in different directions. It is difficult to think of another martial art, in which it would be as much of kicks in a jump.
There is an opinion, unwarranted, hands in Taekwondo has not been given much attention. Of course, remembering about this form of martial art, primarily remembered powerful kicks, but his hands in this kind of martial arts training not less punches in Taekwondo is also very effective. In addition to great combat power, Taekwondo – very exciting kind of martial arts that will not leave anyone indifferent spectator.
A special section is devoted to Taekwondo self-defense of a person – methods of action on the pain points on the human body, its actions in the case of grabs, throws, wrestling in the supine, sitting, methods of seizing weapons from the attacker. But, most Taekwondo schools are doing sports training, not paying absolutely no attention to the techniques of self-defense. This often leads to the fact that the student goes to Taekwondo other martial arts, which, in his opinion, more suitable for self-defense.
The greater part came to Taekwondo do to obtain sports results, although it is a martial art intended primarily for self-defense. Most of the equipment used for self-defence, excluded from the sports version of Tae Kwon do.