National holidays of China
The rich history of the Middle Kingdom contributed to the accumulation of serious cultural baggage. The Chinese loudly celebrate various festivals that carry both ancient traditions and everyday habits of the people.
For some citizens, holidays are International Women’s Day (March 8, half a day off for women), Youth Day (May 4, half a day off for minors over 14 years old), International Children’s Day (June 1, a day off for children under 14 years old), the Day of the Creation of the People’s Liberation Army of China (August 1, half a day off for persons on active military service). Other days and memorable dates (for example, Constitution Day, etc.) are not days off.
The calendar in ancient China has always been shrouded in a veil of sanctity.
Each dynasty established its own chronology, and if this chronology was adopted by neighboring states, it considered it a recognition of their dependence on the Chinese court.
After the fall of the monarchy in 1911, the European calendar was introduced in China, but until today the lunar calendar continues to play an important role in the life of the Chinese.
National minorities live in China, which also have their own characteristic holidays. Among them are the Mongols ‘”water festival”, the Tibetans ‘”Vango” harvest festival, Navruz among the Uyghurs and many others. However, they are not official and are local in nature.
In addition, in China, all holidays are divided into traditional and national ones. Traditional Chinese holidays are celebrated according to the lunar calendar. Nationwide and borrowed according to the Gregorian calendar.
The Chinese consider holidays to be their cultural heritage, so they take their preparation very seriously. Many holidays last for several days and are a grandiose performance for the residents of the country and numerous tourists.