Sollal Korean New year
Koreans celebrate New Year twice – once in the usual Gregorian calendar, another is Lunar.
Lunar New Year is called here Sallal, and it usually falls at the beginning of February. Unlike us, the inhabitants of the country of Morning Freshness treat the New Year as a holiday beginning of spring, when nature slowly begins to prepare for the flourishing and renewal. That is why many of the customs and beliefs associated with Salalem, are intended to ensure the richness of the coming harvest.
Christmas ceremonies begin in the Korean family with the sacrifice to the ancestors, who were thought that can benefits to living relatives. Everything from small to large, ceremonial wear national clothes (hanbok) and the table is served a ritual to honor the last 4 generations of the dead. Food and drink are placed in in a well-defined order, in accordance with the directions. Sometimes the choice of food depends on its color (e.g., red dishes are located on the East side of the table, and the white in the West), sometimes – depending on the sequence of eating (goes with first pic, the last is a dessert). Then bosgiraud flavorful Smoking, live and dead weigh twice deep bow, inviting the latter to a meal. First bows to the eldest member of the family, followed by the rest in descending order of status. Giving the ancestors time to enjoy the feast, take away food.
When finished with the veneration of ancestors, Koreans proceed to the other important procedure of the day – honoring the elders. Younger members of the family bow down: first the grandparents, then the parents, then uncles, aunts and so on. Each bow is accompanied by a special greeting phrase, after which endows admirer specially prepared a gift – a small treat or a coin (however, the amount of monetary compensation depends on the degree of prosperity of the family). This ritual is called “Saba” and is strictly against all the family which you do not want to offend, so many Koreans living in the cities, come to New Year to her parents in the village to witness the respect. By the way, the first three days of the new year is an official holiday.
Once people respected all, for him it’s time to proceed to a symbolic new year’s Breakfast, during which almost always eat a special meal – a soup called ttok-Guk. This is a rich beef broth with rice cakes or dumplings and green onion. According to tradition, it is necessary to eat to become a year older. After the first day of the New Year is something like a universal birthday, the age when Korean is added each year. Interestingly, infants born before the holiday, overnight become two-years-old (the fact that the year spent in the womb of the mother counted them, too).
Generally, this is the day to have fun, to play and to eat tasty food. According to the magic of the first day, adopted in many Nations, such behavior lays the Foundation for a successful year. Solely is a time of kite flying, yut game and folk dances to fast, optimistic music. In the old days in one of the provinces even had a custom to hold a competition for speed eating sweets or cracking nuts – it was considered that it prevents caries and makes teeth stronger.
That the coming year will be happy, the home is decorated with pictures of chickens or a tiger. The first needs to involve the inhabitants of the house all sorts of benefits, second – to frighten away evil forces supporting the sabotage.
Before the celebration of New Year lasted for 15 days: from new moon to full moon. Today nobody gives Koreans the opportunity to relax 2 weeks, but the last day of the celebrations remains very important. The full moon has a magical charm; he who will see it before others will be happy, so many long before sunrise the moon climb higher to be the first. To the full moon ask anyone who has secret dreams: the childless pray for progeny, single – satellite, the peasants of the rich harvest, students on examination success and so on.
In addition, the appearance of the moon talks about how the year will be: white promises heavy rains, the red – drought, bright – a good harvest, and dull – a poor harvest.
By the way, although the New Year according to the Lunar calendar is a national holiday relatively recently (in 1989), among the people he was always popular. The vast majority of Koreans, according to polls, prefer the traditional Western festival, with its Christmas trees and Santas.