The History of the development of Korean martial arts
The history of Korea had its roots more than 2000 years in the depth of the 37th century BC, however, compared with the cultures of other countries, accurate information about Korea preserved much less. One reason for this is the Japanese occupation (1910-1945 years), during which colonizers violently suppressed all manifestations of the Korean culture. And yet, the surviving historical monuments testify that in Korea had its own traditions of martial arts. And they differed from the traditions of martial arts of other Oriental countries. The history of these traditions originates from the period of the development of the three States (Goguryeo, Baekje, Silla) existed from the middle of the first century BC to almost the end of the tenth century CE. In each of these States had their own system of unarmed combat (Kwon BOP). Goguryeo, which was located in the Northern part of the Peninsula and large parts of Manchuria, had a system of “sunbae”. This state, in consequence of its development, had a well trained army. In Baekje, located in the East of the country, was designed “subak the” ancestor “Taekwondo”. In Silla, there was a system of “hwarangdo”.
In 668, the year Korea became a unified state. Since that time, the martial arts of Korea can be divided by specific characteristics:
Muslim sado (the popular martial arts, sports pitch);
Pulse-Muslim (Buddhist martial arts);
Kungun Muslim (Palace martial arts for teaching individual elite units, the emphasis which was placed on the weapon).
After 976, to replace the United Kingdom of Silla, the state came the Bark. There were various schools and styles such as: thicken, tangsudo, Yu Sul. But the most interesting state of Silla, famous for the exploits of its warriors Churanov. The term “Huaren” is translated as “flower-boys” or “blooming youth”. In Churanov groups of children were recruited nobility, who have undergone extensive training in various disciplines such as: archery, trick riding, martial arts, swordplay, military strategy as well: the art of poetry, drawing, etc. Thus, we see how harmoniously developed were warriors Guarani. The concept of hwarang-before the dawn which came during the reign of the 24th Silla king Chin hung (534-576 G. D.), invested a philosophical doctrine, not a particular martial art. That’s when hwarang-up was considered as a philosophical and religious code. Believe that Guarani was a Prime example and a prerequisite for the emergence of the samurai in Japan.
Consider what are the similarities and differences of their hand-to-hand combat. A characteristic feature of Korean unarmed combat was the widespread use of head shots, oblique, shoulder, elbows, knees, feet. Fist was used much less frequently, and instead he preferred an open palm. Blows were struck by the palms, fingers.
The blows dealt by the base of the palm, with the fingers gathered together, thus creating a single shock surface are called “Chol sajang” (steel hand). In section blows with the open hand consists of three groups:
1.Pung Sul (beats the pulp of the fingers);
2. Yup, Pung Sul (lead, fending off attacks, in which the palm does not move in a straight line, but from side);
3. Jang Hae Sul (Circular palm technique, which improves the adhesion to the limbs of the opponent. This technique is considered the most difficult.)
The most original Korean is “Thicken”. This direction is inherent in the circular kicks, a diverse Arsenal of sweeps, kick, where kicks are applied not more often above the hull. Spell the word “thicken” unlike other areas of Korean characters. The work of the hands characterize poking blows with the palm and fingers, throat, face, also used the technique of gripping the extremities of the hands or feet followed by application of a finishing kick. This shows that the basic Arsenal of techniques includes blocks, kicks, side steps, hooks. The work is conducted precisely feet. Preparation of the body includes gasket and feet, produced on stones, trunks of trees, jumping over barbed and sharp obstacles as well as acrobatics.
During the occupation, many Korean masters were forced to leave Korea. Only after the liberation of Korea in 1945, master left the country began returning to their homeland. Since that time, there is a restoration of Korean culture and the revival of martial arts.